Research Question 2: What key technologies are missing from our list?

Instructions: Please use these prompts to help you consider what might need to be added to the current list of Horizon Topics. Add your thoughts as bullet points below, using a new bullet point for each new technology or topic. Please add your comments to previous entries if you agree or disagree.
a. What would you list among the established technologies that some educational institutions are using today that arguably ALL institutions should using broadly to support or enhance teaching, learning, or creative inquiry?
b. What technologies that have a solid user base in consumer, entertainment, or other industries should educational institutions be actively looking for ways to apply?
c. What are the key emerging technologies you see developing to the point that learning-focused institutions should begin to take notice during the next 4 to 5 years?

Each new topic entry must include a title, a description similar to the ones that are written now, and, if needed, a rationale as to why it is different from any of the existing topics. The Horizon Project research team will investigate each nomination entered here to see if it meets the criteria set for new topics (eg., that the topic represents a "real" technology, as opposed to a concept, a new idea, or a proposal; that it is sufficiently developed that research, projects, and information about it exist; and that it has a demonstrable link, or strong potential link, to education).

Please "sign" your contributions by marking them with the code of 4 tildes (~) in a row so that we can follow up with you if we need additional information or leads to examples.
  • LMS 2.0. The Learning Management System is beginning to take root in k12 as it has in post secondary. The explosive growth of online learning is acclimatizing educators to the environment of digitally organizing a course. The industry leaders are now seeing competitors with drastically different visions of what an LMS might look like in k12. Edmodo is an example of a fast growing new LMS that uses a Facebook-like environment to organize educational interactions. Hapara, from New Zealand, offers a disruptive analytics platform that sits on top of google apps, allowing nearly full LMS functionality for a school system at the low cost of $4 per student per year. Add to this the capability provided by single sign-on aggregators like that permit a student access to multiple web applications (many of which are free) with a single username and password, and the LMS space is becoming significantly more customizable, with many competitors entering the space over a lower barrier to entry. - jack.west jack.west Feb 22, 2012 [*Editor's Note: Renaming "Learning Management Systems for K-12]- Sam Sam Mar 6, 2012
    • We're at the beginning stages of having powerful, flexible and affordable (free) LMS software that fully meets classroom needs. Even in the early stages of development, non-technology savvy educators are effectively using the tools available. This is an area to watch. (- leslie.conery leslie.conery Feb 29, 2012)
    • Some of our pioneering teachers at elementary (primary) school level are also beginning to use LMS and they are working with companies to develop systems that are taliored to meet the specific deamands of our education system. The generic one size fits all system will not be appropriate. Developers will have to look at developing systems that are easily customisible for a rnage of learning envrionments with specific needs. - deirdre.butler deirdre.butler Mar 1, 2012
    • In Brazil Moodle has been widely adopted in schools. Many other free LMSs have also been made available by many of our universities. LMSs are good for teacher centered activities, but those of us who have been using LMSs for some time feel the need for tools that allow for more student centered control. Our students themselves are taking their learning experiences to social networking sites spontaneously. - cristiana.mattos cristiana.mattos Mar 4, 2012- Larry Larry Mar 5, 2012
    • There appears to be a growing trend towards the adoption of Moodle in Africa among mobile learning projects in particular - shafika.isaacs shafika.isaacs Mar 4, 2012
  • Automated tools for assessing 21st Century Skills. The majority of education systems have come to realise that doing well in academic studies as reflected in test scores is insufficient. There is an increasing need to develop 21st Century dispositions in students as they move through the formal education journey. While the need for such skills is not new, and in fact, such developments do occur in education systems, the need to find ways to 'systematically' develop such skills for all the students is 'new'. To do this well would require the development of assessment capability to measure the success or otherwise of such efforts. Again, such assessments do exist, usually in the form of rubrics or some such instruments that require fairly extensive involvement of the teacher to pick out the behavioural indicators that can be aggregated to reflect the capability of the students. What is needed is a set of automated tools that can do this, so that the educator can use the resulting analysis to support his/her pedagogical practices in the learning environment. Some attempts to do this have been started in the past few years. Learning analytics would come into this space, but such tools need to focus in this direction. - horncheah horncheah Feb 29, 2012 I would add that we also need automated tools for student self assessment. jan morrison- jan.morrison jan.morrison Mar 1, 2012
  • Ubiquitous portfolio management systems for students to manage their portfolios and reflect on their work. A way to manage their individual learning. A system that would replace our current grading system and help students demonstrate what they've learned and know.- holly.jobe holly.jobe
  • It can be considered to put Social Bookmarking on the list because it is equivalent to some of the topics already mention. It’s not a brand new concept but its part of a more general and lasting trend of Folksonomies, where people share, rates/review and annotate resources on the net. A typical example is Delicious ( It also has a potential for use within K12 area. - claus.gregersen claus.gregersen Mar 4, 2012